The most demanding tenants of shared clouds require complete isolation from their neighbors, in order to guarantee that their application performance is not affected by other tenants. Unfortunately, while shared clouds can offer an option whereby tenants obtain dedicated servers, they do not offer any network provisioning service, which would shield these tenants from network interference. In this paper, we introduce Links as a Service (LaaS), a new abstraction for cloud service that provides isolation of network links. Each tenant gets an exclusive set of links forming a virtual fat-tree, and is guaranteed to receive the exact same bandwidth and delay as if it were alone in the shared cloud. Consequently, each tenant can use the forwarding method that best fits its application. Under simple assumptions, we derive theoretical conditions for enabling LaaS without capacity over-provisioning in fat-trees. New tenants are only admitted in the network when they can be allocated hosts and links that maintain these conditions. LaaS is implementable with common network gear, tested to scale to large networks and provides full tenant isolation at the worst cost of a 10% reduction in the cloud utilization.



March, 2016


  • Eitan Zahavi
  • Alexander Shpiner
  • Ori Rottenstreich
  • Avinoam Kolodny
  • Isaac Keslassy